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Coastal Ecosystems and Changing Economic Activities: Challenges for Sustainability Transition

Disaster Resilience and Sustainability: Adaptation for Sustainable Development

A book chapter on 'Coastal Ecosystems and Changing Economic Activities: Challenges for Sustainability Transition', co-authored by Bangabandhu Chair Professor Joyashree Roy has been published in the book entitled, Disaster Resilience and Sustainability-Adaptation for Sustainable Development. The book is co-edited by Dr. Indrajit Pal, Prof. Rajib Shaw, Dr. Riyanti Djalante and Prof. Sangam Shrestha, and was published by Elsevier on 23rd June 2021. This book was the product of the “First International Symposium on Disaster Resilience and Sustainable Development”, organized by AIT along with other partners in March 2019. Dr. Eden Y. Woon, President, AIT, inaugurated the new book during the 2nd International Symposium on Disaster Resilience and Sustainable Development which was held between 24-25 June 2021.

Chapter Abstract

The wide variety of economic activities, which prevail along the coasts, has either direct or indirect connectivity with the coastal ecosystems through provisioning of diverse range of goods and services. However, these systems are permanently under pressure due to natural and anthropogenic threats. This field-based study documents the changing pattern of economic activities along selected coastal stretches in South Asia at Bangladesh, India, and Sri Lanka. Economic activities vary with coastal ecosystem types and service flows therefrom. Field study sites were identified based on multiple meetings and discussions with the policy makers in each of the countries and they continued to be the part of scientific discussions within ecology-economy framework through the project lifetime. In-depth enquiry and analysis were carried out to understand perception of various economic stakeholder groups to natural and anthropogenic threats in the coastal regions and resultant vulnerability and risks. Often threats get intensified by rapid urbanization triggered by changing pattern of coastal economy due to tourism expansion and modernization of traditional activities.

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